All You Need to Know About Scars

Any injury, minor or severe, often has a scar. The density and the severity of the scar depends on the level of injury. However, all scars are not the same, hence, their cause, treatment and type vary. Here is all you know need to know about scars.

Types of scars

First, let us understand the different kinds of scars 

  1. Normal/fine-line scars: Often a result of a cut, the scar is like a straight, slightly elevated line that gradually fades or flattens over a period of time. In most cases, the scar lightens but has a visible mark or line without completely disappearing. Some of the common examples of a fine line scars are result of a wound or a surgery. While not painful, normal scars can be itchy. 

 

  • Keloid scars: These scars occur when there is excess production of collagen at the site of the wound, and it leads to an overgrown tissue. Hence, even when the wound heals, these types of scars continue to grow. In terms of appearance, keloid scars are pink/red, and often a color similar or slightly darker to skin around it. Unfortunately, these scars are itchy and painful. If near a joint, these scars may also hinder mobility. 


  • Hypertrophic scars: Hypertrophic scars are similar to keloid scars with respect to the cause, that is, excess production of collagen on the site of the wound. However, their presence is restricted to the limits of the wound and remain within that boundary. These scars continue to thicken for nearly six months and gradually fade away over a few years.


  • Scar contractures: These scars occur when the skin shrinks. It leads to reduced mobility due to tightness. Scar contractures are often a result of burns to the skin. 


  • Pitted scars: Also known as sunken scars, these are often a result of skin conditions such as acne. Pitted scars are a result of the loss of underlying fat in the of the wound. These scars left behind have an appearance of being pitted or sunken. They also called ice-pick scars. 

 

Managing scars 

While scars do not ever go away completely, there are ways to manage them so that they fade over time. One of the successful therapies is the use of targeted negative pressure. It uses myofascial decompression device to break down the scar tissue in a targeted and focused manner. 

LymphaTouch by Physiquipe is one of the best myofascial decompression devices for targeted negative pressure. If you’re a clinician in the U.K. looking to provide high-quality scar management services to your patients, reach out to us today at Physiquipe. More information about the device is available here.